into a complex problem
Child labour: what it is and what it is not
According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), child labour is:
‘Work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development.’
There are some age-appropriate tasks that children can legally do to help their families. When we talk about child labour, it is specifically ‘the worst forms of child labour’ such as those identified by the Ivorian government that we are referring to (see chart below).
Division of child labourers based on their relationship to the farmer
Note: ‘Others’ includes cases linked to the farms of people unrelated to the child in question, such as neighbours or other members of the co-operative.
The vast majority of child labour cases we discover are children working within their own communities. Cases of forced labour are rare in Nestlé’s cocoa supply chain. Since 2012, we have uncovered only three violations of forced labour – two cases where wages were being sent to the parents of young workers and one instance where a farmer was holding a sharecropper’s ID documents. We immediately took action to report these cases.